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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: Phonological Phrases: Their Relation to Syntax, Focus and Prominence
Written By: Hubert Truckenbrodt
Description:

This thesis investigates what forces relate phonological phrases to the syntactic representation, to focus, and to the representation of prominence. The proposal that is defended is that there is a triangle of syntactic constituency, prosodic constituency, and phrasal prominence, in which the grammar places a simple demand on each pair in the triangle: (a) Syntactic phrases must be contained in phonological phrases. (b) Phonological phrases must have edgemost phrasal prominence. (c) Syntactic phrases must contain phrasal prominence. These demands are taken to interact with one another as ranked and violable constraints, where variation among languages is expressed in terms of constraint reranking. Each relation is argued for independently. The effects of (a) (previously analyzed as the role of government in phonological phrasing) will be investigated on patterns of phrasing in the Bantu languages Chi Mwi:ni, Chichewa, and Kimatuumbi. The effects of (b), it is argued, can be seen most clearly in the effects of focus on phrasing, where Chichewa and Japanese will be discussed as examples. The effects of (c), finally, which have been discussed in different contexts as either a directionality parameter of the role of depth of embedding in the assignment of stress, will be argued to have desirable typological consequences that set (c) apart from some of its competitors. Jointly, the constraints will be seen to derive an end-based typology of the kind familiar from work by Lisa Selkirk.

Publication Year: 1995
Publisher: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Syntax
Subject Language(s): Japanese
Nyanja
Language Family(ies): Zulu-Bantu
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Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 194pp
Prices: $12.00