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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Title: Phonological Phrases: Their Relation to Syntax, Focus and Prominence
Written By: Hubert Truckenbrodt
Description:

This thesis investigates what forces relate phonological phrases to the syntactic representation, to focus, and to the representation of prominence. The proposal that is defended is that there is a triangle of syntactic constituency, prosodic constituency, and phrasal prominence, in which the grammar places a simple demand on each pair in the triangle: (a) Syntactic phrases must be contained in phonological phrases. (b) Phonological phrases must have edgemost phrasal prominence. (c) Syntactic phrases must contain phrasal prominence. These demands are taken to interact with one another as ranked and violable constraints, where variation among languages is expressed in terms of constraint reranking. Each relation is argued for independently. The effects of (a) (previously analyzed as the role of government in phonological phrasing) will be investigated on patterns of phrasing in the Bantu languages Chi Mwi:ni, Chichewa, and Kimatuumbi. The effects of (b), it is argued, can be seen most clearly in the effects of focus on phrasing, where Chichewa and Japanese will be discussed as examples. The effects of (c), finally, which have been discussed in different contexts as either a directionality parameter of the role of depth of embedding in the assignment of stress, will be argued to have desirable typological consequences that set (c) apart from some of its competitors. Jointly, the constraints will be seen to derive an end-based typology of the kind familiar from work by Lisa Selkirk.

Publication Year: 1995
Publisher: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Syntax
Subject Language(s): Japanese
Nyanja
Language Family(ies): Zulu-Bantu
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 194pp
Prices: $12.00