"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
How and when does the ability to give and understand explanations develop?
Morag Donaldson directly addresses this question in the present study,
providing evidence from a series of imaginative experiments she carried out
with 3- to 10-year-olds. In contrast to many earlier accounts, she
demonstrates that children can distinguish between cause and effect and
among physical, psychological and logical relations well before the age of
7. The study focuses primarily on the linguistic abilities that are needed
for explanation, in particular the understanding of because, so, why?, and
how do you know?, and it makes a substantial contribution to our
understanding of the semantics and pragmatics of causal connectives.
However, the study also provides valuable insights into children's related
cognitive abilities. Children's Explanations is a book that will be of
equal interest to cognitive and developmental psychologists and to
psycholinguistics, a well as to researchers in education for whom its topic
must be of crucial importance.