Deborah Schiffrin looks at two important tasks of language
'who' we are talking about (the referent) and 'what happened' to them
(their actions and attributes) in a narrative
-and explores how this presentation alters in relation to emergent forms
Drawing on examples from both face-to-face talk and public discourse, she
analyzes a variety of repairs, reformulations of referents, and retellings
of narratives, ranging from word-level repairs within a single
turn-at-talk, to life story narratives told years apart.