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Title: A Grammar of Gujarati
Written By: Raiomond Dara Doctor
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Indo-European Linguistics 28

A Grammar of Gujarati

Raimond Doctor
University of Pune, India

Gujarati, belonging to the Indo-Aryan family, is spoken by approximately
46,100,000 or more speakers. It is the official language of Gujarat state
and is also used in 16 other countries around the world, thanks to the
Gujarati diaspora. Having several dialects, which moreover have been little
explored, Gujarati is very rich in literary style and has a long literary
tradition. The grammatical analysis proposed here is of Gujarati as taught
and used by educated speakers of the language.

The grammar provides basic information on the phonology, writing system,
morphology and the syntax of the language. A short introduction outlines
the geolinguistic situation of Gujarati. The chapter on phonology studies
the vowels, consonants as well as the syllable structure of Gujarati.
Special attention is given to the murmur sounds of the language, since
these are a marked feature of Gujarati. A short overview of the syllable
structure and of the prosody of Gujarati is also furnished. The analysis of
the writing system starts off with a brief historical sketch of the
evolution of Gujarati graphemes, followed by a script grammar of the
consonants, vowels/matras, and other modifiers. Conjuncts and ligatures
both of the vowels and the consonants are also analysed.

Gujarati is essentially a morphological language and hence major stress is
laid on its morphology. This chapter describes nominal and verbal
morphology as well as the adjuncts. There are two numbers, three genders
and three cases, with the nominal elements being declined according to
their final elements. The analysis of the verbal system outlines the tenses
and the moods. Causatives, which are a special feature of Gujarati, are of
particular interest. Non-declined elements constitute adverbs, clitics,
particles and connectives. A special section is also given over to
derivational morphology with a study of the most important suffixes and
prefixes of the language, derived both from Sanskrit and Persian. The broad
overview of syntax describes the basic sentence types of Gujarati,
word-order, participial structures, negation and coordination and
subordination. The last chapter provides a list of the most common
idiomatic structures of the language. The study is essentially
corpus-linguistics driven and examples provided are based on a large oral
and written corpus of present-day Gujarati. For the convenience of those
familiar with the Gujarati script, the examples are transcribed both in IPA
and in Gujarati.

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Subject Language(s): Gujarati
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895865494
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 100
Prices: Europe EURO 50.00