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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Title: Subject personal pronouns in Spanish Narratives of Puerto Ricans in New York City
Written By: Nydia Flores-Ferrán
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Sociolinguistics 02
Description:

The variable use subject personal pronouns (SPPs) in Spanish has been
studied in Peninsular dialects, U.S. Spanish, Latin America and Puerto
Rico. This study investigates the phenomenon in a new speech community:
Puerto Rican residents of New York City (NYC). The main linguistic factors
that were found to affect the use of SPPs are: The form used in a previous
mention of the verb's subject, the distance to last mention of the verb's
subject, and switch reference. Other factors discussed: the verb's TMA,
person and number, and phrases of habitual collocation.

A new sociolinguistic finding is discussed. A cluster effect was found in
the use of overt and null forms, a pragmatic device used to maintain
protagonists in the narratives in the open and on the table.
The external factors investigated are narrative style, age, gender, and
exposure to NYC, indirectly related to contact with English.
A new finding with regard to conflict narrative suggests that conflict
conditions the use of SPP, and that singular pronouns are favored in this
environment.

This study sheds new light regarding the effects of English contact. The
NYC native-born Puerto Rican had a stronger tendency to use more overt SPPs
than other NYC residents. However, while exposure to NYC may be indirectly
associated to English contact, several contradictions argue against an
English contact hypothesis.

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Sociolinguistics
Syntax
Subject Language(s): Spanish
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895863025
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 150
Prices: Europe EURO 52.00