"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The present dissertation aimed at achieving two goals. First, it
constitutes an attempt to widen the search for phenomena that bear
relevance to the idea
that binding has a syntactic residue and is not, therefore, an exclusively
semantic matter. Second, it tried to provide the technical means to account for
these phenomena. The case of the non-local binding of the Romanian bare
reflexive sine (self) is used to back up the view that the syntactic
residue of binding exists and should be extended so as to include
A'-dependencies. Syntactically-encoded non-local binding is defined as a
type of binding dependency that violates the Specified Subject Constraint.
Non-locally bound anaphors, of the type instantiated by sine, are
identified by a set of properties that include: subject orientation,
c-command by both the local and the non-local antecedents and the
restriction to the bound variable reading. There are diagnostics that point
to the conclusion that non-local anaphors that meet these properties link
up to their antecedents as the result of an A'-dependency having been
The diagnostics include (i) the ungrammaticality of non-local binding out
of adjunct islands and its very marginal acceptability out of relative
clause islands and (ii) blocking of non-local binding by local
wh-antecedents and quantified antecedents. The possibility of Romanian
non-local sine to enter an A'-dependency with its non-local antecedents is
determined by the morphosyntactic properties of this bare reflexive form,
i.e. by the feature specification it carries from the Lexicon.