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Latin: A Linguistic Introduction

By Renato Oniga and Norma Shifano

Applies the principles of contemporary linguistics to the study of Latin and provides clear explanations of grammatical rules alongside diagrams to illustrate complex structures.


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The Ancient Language, and the Dialect of Cornwall, with an Enlarged Glossary of Cornish Provincial Words

By Frederick W.P. Jago

Containing around 3,700 dialect words from both Cornish and English,, this glossary was published in 1882 by Frederick W. P. Jago (1817–92) in an effort to describe and preserve the dialect as it too declined and it is an invaluable record of a disappearing dialect and way of life.


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Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 2013

The Linguistic Bibliography is by far the most comprehensive bibliographic reference work in the field. This volume contains up-to-date and extensive indexes of names, languages, and subjects.


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Title: Cyclic Domains in Syntactic Theory
Written By: Arthur Stepanov
Description:

UConn PhD thesis 2001

Arthur Stepanov;Cyclic Domains in Syntactic Theory;.

Abstract

The dissertation explores a principally non-constraint-based approach to locality phenomena in wh-movement, in particular, impossibility of overt extraction of a wh-phrase out of certain structural domains ('islands'), and the successive cyclic character of wh-movement across a finite clause boundary. The proposed theory of locality utilizes the idea in the earlier works of Cinque, Bresnan, Cattell and Kayne, that movement can take place only within certain types of configurations - 'cyclic domains' - and implements this idea in the Minimalist framework (Chomsky 1995, 2000). Under the minimalist view, the notion cyclic domain reduces to a cover term for a phrase marker containing a source and target of movement, in which movement proceeds without intermediate steps. The proposed theory is conceptually and empirically superior to the previous transformational theories of locality which are inherently constraint-based.


In the first part, we argue, contra traditional analyses (cf. 'Condition on Extraction Domains'), that extractability out of subjects and adjuncts is regulated by different mechanisms of grammar. Overt wh-extraction out of a subject is allowed, but leads to a violation at the syntax-phonology interface if the subject has previously moved in syntax, forming a non-trivial chain. Overt wh-extraction out of adjuncts is precluded in syntax because by the time extraction is supposed to occur, the source and target of extraction are not (yet) within the same phrase marker. This proposal accounts for the cross-linguistic variation in extractability out of subjects and for the apparently universal ban on overt extraction out of adjuncts, and has other welcome empirical consequences.


In the second part, we address the issue of the local character of wh-movement in finite clauses. Particular attention is devoted to investigating the syntax of 'wh-scope marking' questions, in the framework of Indirect Dependency, developed by Dayal and adopted and modified here. The key proposal is that the syntactic structure of wh-scope marking questions and questions involving 'long-distance' wh-movement is fundamentally similar. Exploring this similarity, we suggest that successive cyclicity in long-distance wh-movement is a residual effect of the underlying wh-scope marking structure, and is therefore epiphenomenal.

Publication Year: 2001
Publisher: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics
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Linguistic Field(s): Syntax
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Format: Paperback
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