"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Like many Bantu languages, Setswana is remarkable for the complexity of its
tonal morphology, particularly in the verb system. This work provides the
first comprehensive study of verb tonology in Setswana, a language of the
Sotho group spoken in Botswana and South Africa. The author, a major
contributor to general and African linguistics, and his two co-authors
develop a domain-based approach to Setswana tonology which is particularly
relevant to recent developments in the theoretical study of tone. It is
shown that most tonal alternations observed in the morphology of the
Setswana verb can be described as expansions or retractions of high tone
domains, but that segmentally and tonally empty syllables must be posited
in underlying representations in order to achieve an optimal account of the
tonal phenomena in question.
After presenting a general introduction of the framework and the language,
Creissels et al. provide separate chapters analyzing the tonology of
individual tenses in the language. The result is a model that can be
profitably applied to the description and explanation of other Bantu
languages where underlying high tones have been clained to contrast with zero.