"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Svan is the smallest and least well-known of the Kartvelian (South
Caucasian) languages. The traditional Svan homeland is in the northwest
highlands of the Republic of Georgia, and the speech community comprises
35,000 to 40,000 people. In most recent respects, Svan retains the
principal features of a Kartvelian language: subject and object agreement;
verbal marking of aspect, evidentiality and ‘version’ [similar to
active/medial opposition of Indo-European]; and a complex split-ergative
morphosyntax. On the other hand, Svan morphophonemics has become far less
transparent than that of Georgian or Laz-Mingrelian.
There is a great deal of allomorphy in noun declension and in some verbal
paradigms (e.g. in the imperfect), and the pattern of Proto-Kartvelian
verbal ablaut has been restructured in a distinctive way. Altough the
sketch is primarily concerned with the synchronic grammar of the four Svan
dialects, attention is given to certain issues in Kartvelian historical
morphology, such as quantitative and qualitative vowel alternations and the
evolution of the case system.