With 6,400 entries, this is the most complete available lexicon of ancient
Sumerian vocabulary. It replaces version 3 of John Halloran's Sumerian
Lexicon, which has served an audience of over 400,000 visitors at the web
site http://www.sumerian.org/ since 1999. This published version adds over
2,600 new entries, and corrects or expands many of the previous entries.
Also, following the express wish of a majority of online lexicon users,
the logogram words and the compound words are merged and sorted into purely
alphabetical order. This book will be an indispensable reference for anyone
trying to translate Sumerian texts. Also, due to the historical position of
ancient Sumer as the world's first urban civilization, cultural and
linguistic archaeologists will discover a wealth of information for research.
This published Sumerian Lexicon draws upon ancient bilingual word lists and
a bibliography of 96 sources. It includes complete coverage of the
'women's speech' dialect Eme-sal in addition to the main dialect Eme-gir
vocabulary. It indicates loanwords between Akkadian and Sumerian. This
Sumerian dictionary aids the reader of texts with extensive coverage of
Sumerian's grammatical particles, not just its nouns, verbs, and adjuncts.
to be redeemed/ransomed with silver
('silver' + instrumental case postposition - 'by means of' + 'to untie,
release, redeem' + /-ed/ erweiterung + -am3, enclitic copula)
With the recovery of the Sumerian language, we honor the Sumerians for
achieving so many important firsts at the start of human civilization.
Sumerian civilization in southern Mesopotamia (Iraq) lasted for four
thousand continuous years, from 6,000 BC to 2,000 BC. With the publication
of this, the first modern Sumerian-English dictionary, both academics and
the public can begin to understand how our distant ancestors thought via
the words of their language.