"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The lexicon is now a major focus of research in computational linguistics
and natural language processing (NLP), as more linguistic theories
concentrate on the lexicon and as the acquisition of an adequate vocabulary
has become the chief bottleneck in developing practical NLP systems. This
collection describes techniques of lexical representation within a
unification-based framework and their linguistic application, concentrating
on the highly topical issue of structuring the lexicon using inheritance
and defaults. Topics covered include typed feature structures, default
unification, lexical rules, multiple inheritance and non-monotonic
reasoning. The contributions describe both theoretical results and
implemented languages and systems, including DATR, the Stuttgart TFS and
ISSCO's ELU. This book arose out of a workshop on default inheritance in
the lexicon organized as a part of the Esprit ACQUILEX project on
computational lexicography. Besides the contributed papers mentioned above,
it contains a detailed description of the ACQUILEX lexical knowledge base
(LKB) system and its use in the representation of lexicons extracted
semi-automatically from machine-readable dictionaries.
'A very valuable description of the current work in this field ... should
be available in all centres of artificial intelligence.'
--Artificial Intelligence Review