"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book addresses issues of authenticity, ecology and evolution in the
indigenised varieties of English. It describes Cameroon English within its own
natural internal and external ecology, and analyses it as a complete medium of
communication that represents a complete sociohistorical community. The
framework of filtration processes introduced in the book ushers the study
of post-colonial Englishes into the broader linguistic debate about the
status of non-native Englishes, making it possible to study them as fruits
of given sociohistorical contexts rather than as simple side effects of
improper education, faulty second language learning, or non-native deficits
in English proficiency.
Cameroon English - The spread of English and its quest for
standards - Linguistic identity - Toward a theoretical framework for
Cameroon English - Indigenised varieties of English - The filtration
processes - Integrational filtration process - Attitudinal
filtration process - The straightening effect - The quantity-quality
value hypothesis - Pidgin English - Linguistic integration -
Interference - Morphological, lexical, morpho-syntactic and semantic
Cameroonianisms - Tracing the origins of Cameroonianisms.