"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Based on a synthesis of classroom Second Language Aquisition (SLA) research
that has helped to shape evolving perspectives of content-based instruction
since the introduction of immersion programs in Montreal more than 40 years
ago, this book presents an updated perspective on integrating language and
content in ways that engage second language learners with language across
the curriculum. A range of instructional practices observed in immersion
and content-based classrooms is highlighted to set the stage for justifying
a counterbalanced approach that integrates both content-based and
form-focused instructional options as complementary ways of intervening to
develop a learner's interlanguage system. A counterbalanced approach is
outlined as an array of opportunities for learners to process language
through content by means of comprehension, awareness, and production
mechanisms, and to negotiate language through content by means of
interactional strategies involving teacher scaffolding and feedback.