"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Some Iranian languages have been in intensive contact with Turkic languages
for many centuries. Tajik and Uzbek are representative of the languages
that have co-existed in the Iranian-Turkic language contact in Central
Asia. Uzbek is a Turkic language that has Chaghatay as its literary
predecessor and is the 'state language' of the republic of Uzbekistan.
Tajik, on the other hand, is a South-West Iranian language which is
genetically closely related to such Iranian languages as Persian and Dari.
Most Tajik speakers are in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan; within the latter
Samarkand and Bukhara are particularly densely populated by Tajik speakers.
The cohabitation of Tajik speakers with Uzbek speakers has made Tajik-Uzbek
bilingualism the norm in much of this area. Bukhara is one of the cities
where Tajik-Uzbek bilingualism is most pronounced; virtually all Tajik
speakers in Bukhara are bilingual in Tajik and Uzbek.
This book contains transcriptions of recordings of the Tajik language used
by Bukharans who have had no formal education in/of Tajik. A large number
of linguistic features of Bukharan Tajik are considered to have emerged or
have been retained under the influence of Uzbek.