"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Few linguistic concepts are more elusive than 'possession'. The present collection of articles, selected from an international workshop held in Copenhagen in May 1998, confronts the subject from several angles (lexicon; the semantics of possession and the verb HAVE; the syntax of genitives and other possessive structures; the interaction of verbal and nominal constructions; the semantic and textual implications of the alienable/inalienable distinction, etc.) and approaches (formal semantics; functional semantics; and syntax as diachronic and typological comparisons). The languages covered include both European languages such as Danish, French, Russian, Spanish, Portuguese and Latin, and several American, Australian, African and Asian languages. This volume in which the contributing scholars have sought to examine as many 'dimensions' as possible is of interest to all linguists, in particular those working in the field of typology and functional approaches to language.
Part 1:Introduction; Michael Herslund and Irène Baron:Introduction:Dimensions of Possession;
Part 2: What is possession?; Hansjakob Seiler:The operational basis of possession:A dimensional approach revisited; Ole Togeby:The concept of possession in Danish grammar;Finn Sørensen:Possession spaces in Danish;
Part 3:Predicative possession; William McGregor:The verb 'have 'in Nyulnyulan languages; Irène Baron and Michael Herslund:Semantics of the verb HAVE; Per Durst-Andersen:Possessum-oriented and possessor-oriented constructions in Russian; Lars Heltoft:Datives and comitatives as neighbouring spouses:The case of indirect objects and comitatives in Danish;
Part 4:Attributive possession; Inge Bartning:Towards a typology of French NP de NP structures or:How much possession is there in complex noun phrases with de in French?; Henrik Høeg Müller:Spanish N de N structures from a cognitive perspective; Martin Riegel:The grammatical category 'Possession' and the part-whole relation in French; Östen Dahl and Masja Koptjevskaja-Tamm:Kinship in grammar; Anne-Marie Spanoghe:(In)alienability and (in)determination in Portuguese; Kari Fraurud:Possessives with extensive use:a source of definite articles?;
Part 5:Between predicative and attributive possession; A.Machtelt Bolkestein:Possessors and experiencers in classical Latin; Marianne Mithun:The difference a category makes in the expression of possession and inalienability;
Part 6:Conclusion; Bernd Heine:Ways of explaining possession.