"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Hidden Generalizations is the first monograph devoted exclusively to the
problem of phonological opacity. Opacity arises when the conditions for or
results of an active phonological process are not evident in the speech
signal. Opacity is particularly important in Optimality Theory, which lacks
the standard means of analyzing opacity, rule ordering.
This book is a thorough reexamination of phonological opacity. It finds
insights in the extensive literature on rule interaction of the 1970's. It
describes and critiques the oft-voiced opinion that there are no authentic
cases of opacity. It evaluates representational approaches to opacity that
emerged in the 1980's. Primarily, though, it discusses various ideas about
opacity in OT and offers a new proposal, candidate chain theory. This
proposal is illustrated and tested with analyses of the phonology of
several Semitic languages.