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Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

By: Tim William Machan

To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

Edited by Irma Taavitsainen and Paivi Pahta

This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: The Learnability of Metrical Phonology
Written By: Diana Apoussidou
Series Title: LOT Disseration Series
Description:

This dissertation investigates the learnability of grammatically vs. lexically
assigned word stress. The learning process is computationally modelled
within an Optimality Theoretic framework. The results show that even if they
acquire the same language, learners can end up with different grammars.
Moreover, the results suggest that first language learners can bootstrap into
the phonology of a language by making use of the meaning of a form in
combination with its phonetic content.

The proposed model employs four levels of representation: a phonetic
representation, a surface phonological representation, an underlying
phonological representation, and a representation of meaning. These
different levels are connected to each other by different families of
constraints. In the compehension process, the relation between the phonetic
form and the phonological surface form is determined by structural
constraints. In both the comprehension process and the production process,
the relation between the phonological surface form and the phonological
underlying form is determined by faithfulness constraints, whereas the
relation between underlying form and meaning is determined by lexical
constraints. The implication of the last point is that there is no strict
demarcation between grammar and lexicon.

This study is of interest to linguists working in computional models of
learnability and language acquisition, as well as metrical phonology and
Optimality Theory.

Publication Year: 2007
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke (LOT)
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Language Acquisition
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9789078328186
Pages: 222
Prices: Europe EURO 23.26