"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Meaning does not reside in linguistic units but is constructed in the minds
of the language users. Meaning construction is an on-line mental activity
whereby speech participants create meanings on the basis of underspecified
linguistic units. The construction of meaning is guided by cognitive
principles. The contributions collected in the volume focus on two types of
cognitive principles guiding meaning construction: meaning construction by
means of metonymy and metaphor, and meaning construction by means of mental
spaces and conceptual blending. The papers in the former group survey
experiential evidence of figurative meaning construction and discuss
high-level metaphor and metonymy, the role of metonymy in discourse, the
chaining of metonymies, metonymy as an alternative to coercion, and
metaphtonymic meanings of proper names. The papers in the latter group
address the issues of meaning construction prompted by personal pronouns,
relative clauses, inferential constructions, 'sort-of' expressions,
questions, and the causative construction.