"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
REVIEWS OF THE FIRST EDITION: 'This introductory textbook offers a solid exposition of the foundational topics required for the investigation and study of English sentence structure ... it is clearly written in an accessible style.' - Language 'An ideal introduction to syntax.' - The Year's Work in English Studies
ABOUT THE BOOK
A lucid textbook on syntax which gives students a thorough grounding in the basics of sentence structure while acquainting them with the essentials of syntactic argument. The text is written in a user-friendly style, and progresses through a range of relevant topics of increasing difficulty from the building blocks of language - words and phrases - to constituency and argumentation. This new edition is completely revised with the chapter on X-bar syntax now split in two to give greater prominence to clauses. It also contains many new exercises, which are now graded in terms of level of difficulty. Each chapter has a section on suggested further reading material, and there is a bibliography and list of recommended reference works for students to explore the subject further.
CONTENTS Preface PART ONE: FUNCTION AND FORM Introduction Functions The Building Blocks of Language: Words, Word Classes and Phrases The Building Blocks of Language: Clauses and Sentences The Function-Form Interface PART TWO: ELABORATION Predicates, Arguments and Thematic Roles Cross-Categorial Generalisations: X'-Syntax More on Clauses Movement PART THREE: ARGUMENTATION Syntactic Argumentation Constituency: Movement and Substitution Constituency: Some Additional Tests Predicates and Arguments Revisited PART FOUR: APPLICATION Case Studies Glossary Reference Works: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias and Grammars Bibliography Index