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Title: The Typology of Parts of Speech Systems
Subtitle: The Markedness of Adjectives
Written By: David Beck
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics
Description:

This book presents rigorous and criterial definitions of the major parts of speech - noun, verb, and adjective - that account both for their syntactic behaviour and for their observed typological variation. Based on an examination of languages from five different groups - Salishan, Cora, uechua, Totonac, and Hausa - this book argues that parts of speech must be defined by combining the criteria of syntactic markedness, which characterizes lexical classes in terms of unmarked syntactic roles, and semantic prototypicality, which delimits their prototypical meanings.
Adjectives are shown to be the marked (and, hence, most variable) class because of their inherent non-iconicity at the semantics/syntax interface. The four-member typology of parts of speech systems (languages with three open classes, those that group adjectives with verbs, those that group adjectives with nouns, and those that conflate all three) current in the literature is easily generated by free recombination of these two criterial features.

Publication Year: 2002
Publisher: Routledge (Taylor and Francis)
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Typology
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Versions:
Format: Hardback
ISBN: 0415941555
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 240
Prices: 70.00