"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Typology, context constraints, and historical emergence
The following theoretical-empirical points on the DP are discussed: Article
and its referential-anaphoric properties by Abraham (Determiners in
Centering Theory); Bartra (On bare NPs in Old Spanish and Catalan);
identification of all functional nominal categories by Stvan (Bare singular
count nouns); Kupisch & Koops (Specificity and negation); Jäger (History of
German indefinite determiners); typological comparison of the interaction
of nominal and verbal determination by Abraham (Discourse-functional
crystallization of the original demonstrative); Leiss (Covert
(in)definiteness and aspect in Old Icelandic, Gothic, Old High German);
Lohndal (Double definiteness during Old Norse); emergence of DP in
ontogeny/phylogeny by Osawa (DP, TP and aspect in Old English and L1
acquisition); Bittner (Early functions of definites in L1 acquisition);
Wood (Demonstratives and possessives emergent from Old English); Bauer
((in)definite articles in Indo-European) and Stark (Variation in nominal
indefiniteness in Romance).