"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This book offers a pragmatic account of the interpretation of everyday
metaphorical and idiomatic expressions. Using the framework of Relevance
Theory, it reanalyses the results of recent experimental research on
figurative utterances and provides a novel account of the interplay of
creativity and convention in figurative interpretation, showing how
features 'emerge' during metaphor comprehension and how literal meaning
contributes to idiom comprehension. The central claim is that the mind is
rather selective when processing information, and that in the pragmatic
interpretation of both literal and figurative utterances, this selectivity
often results in the creation of new ('ad hoc') concepts or the
standardization of pragmatic routines. With this approach, the
comprehension of metaphors and idioms requires no special pragmatic
principles or procedures not required for the interpretation of ordinary
literal utterances, but follows from an automatic tendency towards
selective processing which is itself a by-product of Sperber and Wilson’s
Cognitive Principle of Relevance.