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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Title: Koiari
Written By: Tom E. Dutton
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 10
Description:

Koiari is a Papuan (or non­Austronesian) language spoken by about 1600
people living in the foothills of the Owen Stanley Range just inland of
Port Moresby, the capital of Papua New Guinea. It is a member of the
Koiarian family, one of about sixty families of Papuan languages found in
Papua New Guinea and the surrounding area. In most respects Koiari is a
typical Papuan language.

It is typologically SOV with core relations indicated by affixation on the
verb and peripheral ones by postpositions. The verb is the centre of the
clause and is morphologically complex. There are no articles and no formal
noun classes except that body part, kinship and certain other nouns are
inherently possessed. The language has only six pronouns and no
inclusive-­exclusive distinction is made. The Koiari counting system is
based on two. In other respects, however, Koiari is unusual amongst Papuan
languages. It is phonologically relatively simple ­­ all syllables are open
and there are no unusual vowels or consonants and no complex consonant
clusters. Its verb system is also unusual in making dual reference to
subjects and objects, one set of suffixes reflecting the number of subjects
and objects ergatively, the other agreeing with subjects nominatively.

Moreover, all non­verbal words in Koiari, except for a small subset of
function words, are inherently marked for category by morphemes which
appear in the surface realisation of sentences under certain conditions.
Possessive case marking is also unusual in Koiari in the manner in which it
is marked, notably by suffixation, and the range of suffixes and
constructions used to indicate different possessive relations. Because of
its geographical location Koiari has been in contact with AN languages
spoken in the surrounding area for a long time. This contact increased
following pax Britannica. At the same time other languages were introduced
the language is in danger of becoming obsolescent as younger Koiari use the
local lingua franca, Hiri (formerly Police) Motu, in domains formerly the
sole preserve of Koiari.

2nd printing 2007.

Publication Year: 2007
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Language Documentation
Morphology
Phonology
Syntax
Typology
Subject Language(s): Koiari, Grass
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3929075105
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 77
Prices: Europe EURO 39.00