"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This study deals with an unwritten dialect of Arabic which is spoken in
parts of northern and central Chad (French Tchad) and which has received
serious attention only in the last three decades. The description and
materials used is of potential interest to nonspecialists as well as to
students of Arabic linguistics and dialectology. A variety of what may be
labeled Sudanic Arabic, the Chadian dialect manifests certain linguistic
features which pose a challenge to its classification in terms of the
traditional Eastern/Western or nomadic/sedentary dichotomies.
Included in this study are brief phonological, morphological and syntactic
outlines of the dialect followed by sample texts in phonemic transcription.
It is hoped that enough information is given to be of help to those who do
not know Arabic as well as to those who are familiar with other varieties
of Arabic. A number of characteristic features of Chadian Arabic,
especially in the area of phonology, are contrasted with equivalent
structures in Modern Standard Arabic since the latter is one variety of
Arabic which is more likely to be familiar to most readers.
The materials in this sketch is based mainly on data collected in the late
sixties from a native speaker of Chadian Arabic to be used in the
preparation of teaching material for the Peace Corps. Other materials
collected by other researchers and published since are also taken into