"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Over the last 20 years vocabulary research has grown from a Cinderella
subject in foreign language teaching and research to a position of some
importance. Vocabulary is now considered integral to just about every
aspect of language knowledge. With this development have come standard and
widely-used tests, such as vocabulary size and lexical richness measures,
and very commonly accepted metaphors, such as the mental lexicon as a web
of words. Less widely known outside academic circles, however, is the
extensive work on learners' lexis and the utility, reliability and validity
of the tests we use to measure and investigate it. Vocabulary is a lively
and vital area of research and innovation. This volume brings together
contributions from internationally-renowned researchers in this field to
explain much of the background to study in this area. It introduces to a
wider audience the concerns, the new approaches and the most recent
developments in the field of vocabulary research and testing.