"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Discourse on the Move
Using corpus analysis to describe discourse structure
Discourse on the Move is the first book-length exploration of how
corpus-based methods can be used for discourse analysis, applied to the
description of discourse organization. The primary goal is to bring these
two analytical perspectives together: undertaking a detailed discourse
analysis of each individual text, but doing so in terms that can be
generalized across all texts of a corpus. The book explores two major
approaches to this task: 'top-down' and 'bottom-up'. In the 'top-down'
approach, the functional components of a genre are determined first, and
then all texts in a corpus are analyzed in terms of those components. In
contrast, textual components emerge from the corpus analysis in the
bottom-up approach, and the discourse organization of individual texts is
then analyzed in terms of linguistically-defined textual categories. Both
approaches are illustrated through case studies of discourse structure in
particular genres: fund-raising letters, biology/biochemistry research
articles, and university classroom teaching.