"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Because of the need to devise systems for electronic communication on the
internet, multi-agent computing is moving to a model of communication as a
structured conversation between rational agents. For example, in
multi-agent systems, an electronic agent searches around the internet, and
collects certain kinds of information by asking questions to other agents.
Such agents also reason with each other when they engage in negotiation and
persuasion. It is shown in this book that critical argumentation is best
represented in this framework by the model of reasoned argument called a
dialog, in which two or more parties engage in a polite and orderly
exchange with each other according to rules governed by conversation
policies. In such dialog argumentation, the two parties reason together by
taking turns asking questions, offering replies, and offering reasons to
support a claim. They try to settle their disagreements by an orderly
conversational exchange that is partly adversarial and partly collaborative.