"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics 59
This volume offers an alternative, sign-oriented analysis of the
distribution of the French Indicative and Subjunctive. It rejects both
government and functions, attributed to both moods, and shows that the
distribution of the Indicative and the Subjunctive is motivated by their
invariant meanings. The volume illustrates the close interaction between
the Indicative and the Subjunctive, as linguistic signs, and signs of other
grammatical systems, contextually associated with the invariant meanings of
both moods. Special consideration is given to the use of the Indicative and
the Subjunctive in texts of different styles and genres.This volume also
deals with the diachronic disfavoring of the Subjunctive and especially of
the Imperfect Subjunctive that occurred from Old French to Contemporary
French. It is argued that this disfavoring was motivated by the narrowing
of the invariant meaning of the Contemporary French Subjunctive. All
hypotheses are supported by contextualized examples and frequency counts.