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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Title: A Short Reference Grammar of Slovene
Written By: Marc L. Greenberg
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Slavic Linguistics 30

Slovene (or Slovenian) is the language of ca. 2 million speakers in the
Republic of Slovenia and neighboring areas of Italy, Austria, and Hungary,
as well as of diaspora speakers in Australia and North and South America.
Until 1990 it was one of the federal and republican languages of Yugoslavia
and since Slovenia’s accession to the European Union in 2004 one of the
official languages of the E.U. The westernmost language of the South Slavic
group, Slovene is noted for its pitch-accent system, opposition of
singular-plural-dual, distinction of infinitival and supine forms, as well
as its remarkable diatopic variation (some 48 dialects). The present
grammar sketches the main grammar points of the standard language, with an
emphasis on contemporary usage in speech and writing and an attempt to
provide exemplification with rich context.

Some attention is given to social and stylistic variation, including a
sketch of the main phonological discrepancies between the spoken language
of Ljubljana (the national capital), and the standard language, which is
based on an idealized form of Ljubljana city speech from the 16th century
and a selection of features from various dialects in the territory of the
Republic. It goes beyond other grammars also in its exemplification and
analysis of discourse markers as used both in contemporary writing and
formal speech, primarily as attested in transcripts of parliamentary debate.


Preface and acknowledgments

1 Abbreviations and symbols used
1. Abbreviations
1.2 Symbols

2 Basic data
2. Historical Sketch
2.2 Relation of Slovene to other languages
2.3 Dialects
2.4 The standard language and its relation to spoken language

3 Phonology
3.1 Alphabet, phonemes, allophony
3.1.1 Vowel reduction
3.1.2 Consonant inventory
3.1.3 Vowel inventory
3.1.4 Word prosody
3.2 Phonological rules

4 Morphology
4.1 General remarks on Slovene morphology
4.2 Morphophonemic segmental alternations in inflection and derivation
4.3 Word-prosody patterns
4.4 Nominal morphology
4.4.1 Feminine paradigms
4.4.2 Masculine paradigms
4.4.3 Neuter paradigms
4.5 Pronominal morphology
4.5.1 Interrogative pronouns
4.5.2 Personal pronouns
4.6 Adjectival morphology
4.6.1 Comparatives and superlatives
4.6.2 Possessive adjectives
4.6.3 Interrogative and pronominal adjectives
4.6.4 Demonstratives pronouns
4.6.5 Possessive pronouns
4.7 Adverbs
4.8 Numeral morphology
4.8.1 Cardinals
4.8.2 Ordinals
4.9 Verbal morphology
4.9.1 Present-tense
4.9.2 Imperative/hortative
4.9.3 Infinitive and supine
4.9.4 L-participle
4.9.5 Participles
4.9.6 Conjugation classes
4.10 Negation
4.11. Conditionals
4.12 Aspect and asp ectual derivation
4.13 Motion verbs

5 Derivational Morphology
5.1 General remarks about derivational morphology
5.2 Nouns
5.3 Adjectives
5.4 Adverbs
5.5 Verbs
5.6 Diminutives and augmentatives

6 Syntax
6.1 Noun phrases
6.1.1 Structure
6.1.2 Meanings and uses of cases and prepositions with cases
6.1.3 Syntax of numerals
6.2 Clause structure
6.2.1 Infinitive and supine
6.2.2 Verbal noun
6.2.3 Subject, object, verb and pro-drop
6.2.3. Impersonal constructions
6.2.4 Clitics
6.2.5 Negation
6.2.6 Passive voice and se-constructions
6.3 Clause chaining
6.3.1 Coordination
6.3.2 Subordination

For the complete table of contents, please see the LINCOM webshop.

Publication Year: 2007
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Discourse Analysis
General Linguistics
Subject Language(s): Slovenian
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
Click here to see the original emailed issue.

Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783895869655
Pages: 160
Prices: Europe EURO 92.00