"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Linguistic Insights. Studies in Language and Communication, Volume 53
This empirical study examines the learning problem of the argument
structure of psych predicates such as «The dog frightens John» and the
related V-ing adjectives such as «The dog is frightening to John». The
problem is theoretically interesting because of the marked nature of the
thematic role mapping of these sentences in relation to the principle of
the Uniformity of Theta Assignment Hypothesis (UTAH). The problem is highly
relevant to our understanding of second language acquisition, as this is
known to be a prevalent difficulty among language learners. The author has
framed the learning problem within a coherent parametric framework drawing
on a sophisticated critical review of the syntax/semantics literature and
theories of L2 development. The author has specifically developed a theory,
the «Semantic Salience Hierarchy Model» (SSHM), to explain the learning
process. The significance of the model is not confined only to this
particular study, as the issues related to the L2 acquisition of other
causative verbs can also be examined within this model. The findings of
this study also bear implications to TESOL.
Second Language Acquisition - Psych Predicates (Verbs and Adjectives) -
Subject Experiencer - Object Experiencer - UG - UTAH - Lexical Causatives -
Perephrastic Causatives - Zero CAUS - Animacy - Target Language Input -
Typology of Causativization - Semantic Salience Hierarchy - Double
Morphology Hypothesis - Overt Morphology Rule - Semantic Salience Hierarchy
Model - Learning Strategy - Implications to TESOL.