"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The morphology of Arabic poses special challenges to computational natural
language processing systems. The exceptional degree of ambiguity in the
writing system, the rich morphology, and the highly complex word formation
process of roots and patterns all contribute to making computational
approaches to Arabic very challenging. Indeed many computational linguists
across the world have taken up this challenge over time, and many of the
researchers with a track record in this research area have contributed to
The book's subtitle aims to reflect that widely different computational
approaches to the Arabic morphological system have been proposed. These
accounts fall into two main paradigms: the knowledge-based and the
empirical. Since morphological knowledge plays an essential role in any
higher-level understanding and processing of Arabic text, the book also
features a part on the role of Arabic morphology in larger applications,
i.e. Information Retrieval (IR) and Machine Translation (MT).