"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
"Wenn Du mein Bruder bist,..."
Interaktion und Textgestaltung in atlbabylonischen Alltagsbriefen
Among cuneiform texts, only letters address directly a concrete historical
person. Letters being texts composed and used in everyday verbal
interaction, they replace direct communication. This specific situational
context provokes basic questions such as: from the point of view of the
ancient letter writer, what are the conventionally possible ways of
expressing the intentions of the sender? And from the modern researcher's
standpoint, how can we detect the 'tone' of a given letter? This study
focuses neither on the facts represented and the persons communicating nor
on the system of the language, but is rather concerned with the specific,
rule-governed use of language in interaction. The method employed is a
combination of the philological treatment of the texts with questions and
insights from linguistic pragmatics, discourse analysis, and text
linguistics. The book concentrates on the corpus of Old Babylonian letters
from Mesopotamia. The topics treated include: address behaviour, i.e. use
and interdependence of term of address, greeting, and form of address of
the verb; the stucture and the basic function of an Old Babylonian letter;
the polite speech acts of gratitude and of asking a favour; rational
argumentation in everyday verbal interaction.