This volume draws together papers that argue for a renewed focus on the
role of hard constraints on phonological representations as well as the
processes that operate on them. These are issues that have been sidelined
since the shift in emphasis in phonological research to functionally
grounded output-oriented constraints. Taking Optimality Theory as their
starting point, the articles attack the question to what degree the
Generator function Gen should be given freedom of analysis on three fronts.
(1) What is the nature of the representations that Gen manipulates? Is a
return to more articulated theories of segmental and prosodic
(2) What restrictions might there be on the operations that Gen carries out
on representations? Should Gen be endowed with structure-changing
potential, as assumed in work couched within Correspondence Theory, or is a
return to the principle of Containment preferable? Should Gen be restricted
in the number of edits it can carry out at any one time? Should Gen be
restricted to generating phonetically interpretable candidates?
(3) What is the relationship between Gen and functionally arbitrary or
opaque phonological patterns? Should Gen's freedom be restricted in order
to account for language-specific phonology?
The solutions offered to these questions bear significantly on current
issues that are of fundamental concern in linguistic theory, including
representations, parallelism vs. serialism, and the division of labour
between linguistic modules. The authors scrutinize these issues using data
from a variety of unrelated languages, including Czech, English, Greek,
Haitian Creole, Hawaiian, Lardil, Spanish, Turkish, and Yowlumne.
Prices are subject to change. Prices do not include postage and handling.