"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Collecting the work of linguists, psychologists, neuroscientists,
archaeologists, artificial intelligence researchers and philosophers this
volume presents a richly varied picture of the nature and function of
mental states. Starting from questions about the cognitive capacities of
the early hominin homo floresiensis, the essays proceed to the role
mental representations play in guiding the behaviour of simple organisms
and robots, thence to the question of which features of its environment the
human brain represents and the extent to which complex cognitive skills
such as language acquisition and comprehension are impaired when the brain
lacks certain important neural structures. Other papers explore topics
ranging from nativism to the presumed constancy of categorization across
signed and spoken languages, from the formal representation of metaphor,
actions and vague language to philosophical questions about conceptual
schemes and colours. Anyone interested in mental states will find much to
reward them in this fine volume.