"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
This study concerns the nature of impoliteness in face-to-face spoken
interaction. For more than three decades many pragmatic and sociolinguistic
studies of interaction have considered politeness to be one central
explanatory concept governing and underpinning face-to-face interaction.
Politeness' "evil twin" impoliteness has been largely neglected until only
very recently. This book, the first of its kind on the subject, considers
the role that impoliteness has to play by drawing extracts from a range of
discourse types (car parking disputes, army and police training,
police-public interactions and kitchen discourse). The study considers the
triggering of impoliteness; explores the dynamic progression of impolite
exchanges, and examines the way in which such exchanges come to some form
of resolution. 'Face' and the linguistic sophistication and manipulation of
discoursally expected norms to cause, or deflect impoliteness is also
explored, as is the dynamic and sometimes hotly contested nature of an
individual's socio-discoursal role.