This highly interdisciplinary project presents new results and the state of the art of knowledge in the psychology and neurophysiology of language, reading and dyslexia. It concentrates on basic cognitive functions of understanding and producing language and disorders within its spoken and written execution.The book grew out of the Basic Mechanisms of Language and LanguageDisorders conference held in Leipzig in September of 1999. The meeting was organized by the Psychological Institute of the University ofLeipzig in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute of CognitiveNeuroscience and the Max Planck Institute for EvolutionaryAnthropology.CONTENTSPreface. Introduction. Introduction To Basic Functions OfLanguage,Reading, And Reading Disability; T. Lachmann, et al. FromLanguage To Reading And Reading Disability: Cognitive Functions AndTheir Neural Basis; A.D. Friederici, T. Lachmann. Basic Functions OfLanguage Acquisition And Language Comprehension. Context Effects OnLexical Processing During Auditory Sentence Comprehension. On TheTime-Course And Neurological Bases Of A Basic Comprehension Process;D. Swinney, T. Love. Measuring The Neural Dynamics Of LanguageComprehension Processes; J.D. Saddy, P. Beim Graben A Model OfLearning Syntactic Comprehension For Natural And Artificial Grammars;P.F. Dominey. The Acquisition Of Verb Placement In German: A New Look;J. Weissenborn. Merge As A Basic Mechanism Of Language: Evidence FromLanguage Acquisition; S.M. Powers. Basic Functions OfReading. Cognitive Processes And Eye Movements During Reading;M.S. Starr, et al. The Role Of Attention And Spatial Selection InFluent Reading; R. Radach, et al. The Effect Of Focusing On A SentenceIn Japanese Reading Span Test; M. Osaka, N. Osaka. Basic Functions OfReading Disability. Reading Disability As A Deficit In FunctionalCoordination; T. Lachmann. The Neurobiology Of Reading Difficulties;J. Stein. A Sensory-Linguistic Approach To Normal And Impaired ReadingDevelopment; J.B. Talcott, C. Witton. Anatomy Of The TemporalProcessing Deficit In Developmental Dyslexia; A.M. Galaburda ReadingDisabilities In A Language With Transparent Orthography; J.E. JimenezGonzalez. Dyslexia, The Cerebellum And Phonological Skill;A.J. Fawcett. Working Memory In Dyslexic Children: How General Is TheDeficit? E. Witruk, et al. Kindergarten Phonological Awareness AndRapid Serial Naming As Predictors Of Grade 2 Reading And Spelling;J.K. Uhry. Phonological Recoding Problems In Children With SevereCongenital Speech Impairments: The Importance Of Production Speech; A.Dahlgren Sandberg. Sublexical And Lexical Processing Of Young AdultsWith Learning Disabilities And Attention Deficit: HyperactivityDisorder; N. Gregg, et al. The Mismatch Negativity As An Index OfAuditory Dysfunction In Dyslexia; T. Kujala.