"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Politeness in Mexico and the United States
A contrastive study of the realization and perception of refusals
This book explores the issue of politeness phenomena and socially
appropriate behavior in two societies, Mexico and the United States, in
three different contexts: refusing invitations, requests, and suggestions.
In addition to a state-of-the-art review of the speech act of refusals in
numerous languages, the book provides a rigorous analysis of data
collection methods utilized to examine speech act behavior at the
production and perception levels. Many examples of native speaker
interactions illustrate the similarities and differences observed in the
realization patterns and the perception of refusals by Mexicans and
Americans in formal and informal situations. The data are analyzed in terms
of refusal sequences and pragmatic strategies which are strategically used
to carry out relational work during the negotiation of face. The results of
the quantitative and qualitative analyses are interpreted in light of the
notions of face, politeness, and relational work in Mexico and the United
States. This publication will be of interest to researchers and students in
pragmatics and discourse analysis, cross-cultural communication, and sociology.