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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Book Information


Title: English Discourse Markers of Reformulation
Subtitle: A classification and description
Written By: Maria Milagros Del Saz Rubio
Series Title: Linguistic Insights. Studies in Language and Communication. Vol. 60

This book deals with the notion of reformulation and more specifically with
a group of lexico-grammatical units which help codify and signal the
activity of reformulation in English. While discourse markers in English
have been described in detail, the area of reformulation is a relatively
unexplored area in comparison with languages such as French or Spanish. In
this respect, this book has been conceived as a contribution to the field
of Discourse Markers and in particular to the markers that help display the
function of reformulation in English. First of all, a definition of the
notion of reformulation is provided as a necessary precondition for the
elaboration of a taxonomy of English reformulators. These are grouped into
different classes and sub-classes on the basis of the type of reformulation
effected. Thus, four main types are identified: Expansion, Modification,
Reassessment and Compression. After an inductive and interpretive analysis
of examples taken from the British National Corpus (BNC), the syntactic and
distributional properties of these units, as well as their environments of
use are described and discussed.

Reformulation - Discourse markers - Discourse Analysis - Classes of

Publication Year: 2008
Publisher: Peter Lang AG
Review: Read the review
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Discourse Analysis
Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language(s): English
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Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783039111961
Pages: 237
Prices: U.K. £ 28.90
U.S. $ 57.95
Europe EURO 44.50
Europe EURO 47.60
Europe EURO 49.00