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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Book Information


Title: Major Poems of the Hebrew Bible
Written By: Jan P. Fokkelman
URL: http://www.brill.nl/default.aspx?partid=10&pid=29762
Series Title: Studia Semitica Neerlandica, 47

The Book of Job contains the only sustained, through-composed work in verse
in the Hebrew Bible. This makes it very suitable as a testing area for the
rules of verse structure and all other aspects of prosody that were
developed in Major Poems of the Hebrew Bible Vol. II and are now also
available in Reading Biblical Poetry. This fourth and last volume completes
the study that in Vol. I started with Job 3 (curses and complaint), and
continued with the first round of the debate (chs.4-14) in Vol. II.
Again, the analysis follows two separate circuits: on the one hand that of
language, style and structure, on the other hand that of measuring
proportions on at least five textual levels. The poetry section of the Book
of Job contains 412 strophes, of which the protagonist Job speaks exactly
half. His portion of 206 strophes is also divided into equal halves: in 103
short and 103 long strophes. Even more than in the Psalms, the norm figures
7, 8 and 9 play an essential part in the composition of the poems and their
average number of syllables per colon. The forty poems of the book exhibit
various forms of numerical perfection, and the correct demarcation of
strophes and stanzas is found to considerably improve and expand our
understanding of its contents.

Major Poems of the Hebrew Bible

Chapter One

Example: Threni 5
Second round of the debate

Chapter Two
Eliphaz’ second speech and Job’s answer ( Job 15 – 17)

Chapter Three
Bildad’s second speech and Job’s answer ( Job 18 – 19)

Chapter Four
Zophar’s second speech and Job’s answer ( Job 20 – 21)
Third round of the debate

Chapter Five
Eliphaz’ third speech and Job’s answer ( Job 22 – 24)

Chapter Six
Bildad (short) and Job (long) ( Job 25 – 28)

Chapter Seven
The dialectics of bliss and misery: three speeches by Job complete the
debate proper ( Job 29 – 31)
A fourth friend: mediation?

Chapter Eight
Elihu ( Job 32 – 34)

Chapter Nine
Elihu continued ( Job 35 – 37)
The fifth discussion partner: God himself

Chapter Ten
God’s answer from the storm (A) ( Job 38 – 39)

Chapter Eleven
God’s answer from the storm (B) and Job’s reaction ( Job 40 – 42:6)

Chapter Twelve
Results and conclusions


I Full syllable counts for Job 15 – 42
II Full figures for all strophes and poems
III Five text levels: the figures for the literary units
IVa SL-configurations per chapter
IVb Distribution of S- and L-strophes over the chapters
Va Distribution of colon lengths per chapter
Vb Distribution of colon lengths (3-14 syllables) in the book of Job
VI Combinations of chapters (syllable counts)

Selected Bibliography
Corrections to Volume III
Changes to the original Hebrew text
The full Hebrew text of Job 3 – 42 in its poetic form

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher: Brill
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Ling & Literature

Format: Hardback
ISBN: 9023240723
ISBN-13: 9789023240723
Pages: 466
Prices: Europe EURO 114.00
U.S. $ 170.00