"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A usage-based study of infinitive and -ing clauses in English
This book presents a comprehensive guide to the way speakers of British
English use infinitive and –ing clauses as verbal complements. It
contains details of the non-finite complementation patterns of over 300
matrix verbs, with a particular emphasis on verbs that occur with more than
one type of non-finite complement. Drawing upon data from the British
National Corpus, the author shows that some of the views which are to be
found in the existing literature on these sorts of clauses are in conflict
with the evidence of actual usage. He also shows that there is actually
much more regularity in this area than has often been taken to be the case.
Moreover, this regularity is shown to be motivated by cognitive-functional
factors. An appendix contains details of the relative frequency of all of
the constructions dealt with in the study, together with an example of each
of them. The book is of interest to language teachers as well as linguists,
both theoretical and applied.
I: The purpose and scope of the study
II: Classification of the constructions
III: Earlier Studies
IV: Complement Types and Complementisers
V: Constructions in contrast: Same-time constructions
VI: Constructions in contrast: Forward-looking constructions
VII: Constructions in contrast: Backward-looking constructions
VIII: Summary and Conclusions