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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.


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Medical Writing in Early Modern English

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This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.


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Title: The Development of Italian Accusative and Dative Clitics in Interlanguage Grammars
Written By: Maurizio Santoro
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Language Acquisition 23
Description:

The research reported in this monograph portrays quite an interesting
acquisition process with regard to the development of Italian clitics in L2
grammars, and, as such, shed some clearer light on several issues that are
still unaccounted for. For instance, although there is a general consensus
on their slow development, L2 acquisitionists do not seem to agree on what
may cause such a delay and what their initial acquisition stage might be.
Are clitic properties entirely (Full Transfer/Full Access Hypothesis:
Schwartz and Sprouse 1996), or partially accessed through L1 categories
(Missing Surface Inflection Hypothesis: Lardière 1998b), or derived
directly from learners’ universal knowledge (Full Access Hypothesis,
Epstein et al. 1996)?

Results show that these properties are not totally attained through L1
categories. Learners’ native language grammar does influence the
acquisition of these pronouns, but it does not entirely constitute their
initial stage. Their acquisition delay may be attributed to several
factors, namely (i) a general difficulty to ‘convert’ the syntactic
information into appropriate morphological forms, and (ii) the intrinsic
complexity of the cliticization process. Furthermore, regarding the issue
of accessibility to Universal Grammar in adult age, data seem to justify
some form of continuity since clitics, although absent in L1, are fully
acquired.

Publication Year: 2008
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
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BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
Morphology
Syntax
Language Acquisition
Subject Language(s): Italian
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Versions:
Format: Paperback
ISBN-13: 9783595865688
Pages: 136
Prices: Europe EURO 54.00