This work is for comparative linguists and celticists who are keen to study
Breton but may be too daunted to undertake such a venture by the wide
variety of orthographical conventions which exist in Breton.
The chronological development of the Breton orthographical debates during
the twentieth century is charted along with an attempt to discern the
ideological, political and personal motivations which lay behind those
debates. Based on a substantial corpus of hitherto unpublished original
documents and personal interviews, the research throws new light on the
nature of the political, ideological and linguistic divisions of the Breton
movement of that period (not least the events that occurred during the
The historical and societal background of the language is succinctly
delineated and points of orthographical contention are discussed, each in
turn, so that their correlation to the spoken varieties of Breton can be
judged by the reader.
The work should dispel once and for all the notion - boosted by the
existing orthographical instability and variety - that Breton is too
dialectally fragmented to be studied profitably without an inordinate
amount of effort.
An Analysis of Particular Spelling Conventions in Breton - Analysing the
particular spelling conventions of Breton - A note on some orthographic and
phonetic transcriptions - Spelling and pronunciation - Transcribing final
consonants - The digraph - The digraph - The consonant [w] - New
lenition, provection and leniprovection - The graphemes and - The
digraph - The vowel before nasals - The trigraph vs. the
digraph - The grapheme for [j] and palatal - The suffixes
<-añ, -iñ> - Doubling consonants - Final <-mp> - Diacritics - Elision and
word boundaries - Miscellaneous léonisms - Mimetic conventions for Breton
orthography - Appendix 1: The Mordiern letters - Appendix 2: Miscellaneous
documents - Appendix 3: Attendance records of the Carhaix Talks.