"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Consociation and Dissociation
An Empirical Study of Word-Family Integration in English and German
Since the middle of the twentieth century it has been widely believed that
English words are less integrated into word families than German words.
Ernst Leisi attributed this so-called dissociation to the large proportion
of Romance words that have entered the originally Germanic English language
in the course of its history. Even though fairly common, these hypotheses
have not yet been tested empirically. This book thus presents a long-due
study which subjects the 2,500 most frequent English and German lemmas to
various analyses. For instance, they are analysed into constituents to
which they are both formally and semantically related. In addition,
morphosemantically related complex words containing the English and German
list items are sought for. The approach adopted here, which considers a
variety of variables such as formal differences and semantic obstacles,
allows for a highly differentiated answer to the question whether the
English vocabulary is dissociated or not.The last part of the book
discusses the relevance of the study’s surprising results with respect to
the mental lexicon as well as language learning and teaching.