"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Vocabulary and Writing in a First and Second Language
Vocabulary and Writing in a First and Second Language is based on a
large-scale empirical study. The innovative feature of the research was
that the same students were asked to do the same tasks in both languages
while reporting their thinking as they went along. Furthermore , they had
to undertake the same tasks even though they were of very different
experience, ranging from young children at school to university students.
Three areas of learners' competencies and skills were explored: vocabulary
knowledge, word guessing strategies and writing. The authors further
explore the relationship between the skills and describe the level of
development for individual learners within the three areas. In all cases,
statistical and qualitative analyses are offered, the latter being based on
the learners' own 'think-aloud' reports. Both researchers and teachers of
language will find this in-depth approach useful in understanding the
processes of both first and second language performance.