"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
New German-American Studies / Neue Deutsch-Amerikanische Studien. Vol. 30
This book examines how a new dialect emerges. It is based on empirical
research carried out in Waumandee, Wisconsin, a small community set in a
linguistically uncharted territory in North America. Waumandee English is
influenced by the native languages of settlers who arrived from different
parts of Switzerland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Austria and Ireland.
Traditional dialectology augmented by sociolinguistic and psychological
parameters enables the reader to follow the path of current dialect
emergence in Waumandee English.
Waumandee history - Immigrants - Choice and defense of traditional dialect
approach - Description of sample population - Setting up a questionnaire -
Language change mechanisms in Waumandee - Different parameters governing
the analysis - Ethnicity - Gender - Psychological factors of intercultural
language acquisition - Dialect emergence and how a dialect can be defined
against a standard -Family tree model and Wave Theory - Language contact in
Waumandee - Establishing a lingua franca - Diachronic results from
synchronic data - The dialect situation surrounding Waumandee - Vowel
sounds - Great Vowel Shift - Consonant sounds - Metathesis - Grimm's Law -
Hypercorrections - Sandhi forms - Overview over the progressing changes in