"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Grammatical Features and Acquisition of Reference: A Comparative Study of Dutch and Spanish
GRAMMATICAL FEATURES AND THE ACUISITION OF REFERENCE: A Comparative Study of Dutch and Spanish Sergio Baauw, Utrecht University
This book offers a comparative study of the interpretation of definite articles and pronouns by Dutch and Spanish 4-7 year old children. It presents experimental evidence showing that children's interpretation of definite articles and pronouns is affected by their incomplete acquisition of morphosyntactic features of the D-position, the host of both pronouns and definite articles. It is argued that children often interpret definite articles as expletive determiners and third person pronouns as SE-anaphors ("se" in Spanish and "zich" in Dutch). This study also offers evidence that young children are sensitive to inflectional morphology. It shows that children acquiring a poorly inflected language, such as Dutch, have considerably more difficulties with the adult interpretation of pronouns and definite articles than children acquiring a richly inflected language, such as Spanish. Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics series.
January 2002: 256 pp Hb: 0415937612: $70.00 #50.00
Acknowledgments Introduction 1. The Acquisition of Pronouns and Definite Articles 2. Underspecification of the D-Position 3. The Acquisition of Pronominal Anaphora in Spanish and Dutch Conclusions References Appendices