"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
The Discourse Potential of Underspecified Structures
The volume demonstrates the interdependence of man’s language capacity and
his other conceptual capacities. This enables linguistic structures to be
minimalised, and for extra-linguistic domains to provide much of the
interpretations of sound and meaning. Underspecification is demonstrated in
the word formation of Indo-European, Late Archaic Chinese and modern Khmer;
on the word- and sentence levels by the event structures of German; and in
the information structure predominantly of languages with the so-called
free word order: German, Slavic languages, Arabic compared with English and
the tone language Hausa.
The volume is noteworthy due to the close cooperation between theoretical
and experimental research. Within grammar, it has especially strengthened
prosodic research and the syntax-phonology interrelations and their
interpretations, and it has helped to create data bases for the relations
within texts and to evaluate the findings.