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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more

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What is English? And Why Should We Care?

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To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.

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Title: De la morphosyntaxe à la sémantique des présentatifs en français contemporain
Written By: M. Dassi
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in French Linguistics 02

Cette dernière décennie, une kyrielle de travaux de linguistique portant
sur le lexique ont insisté sur l'appropriation et la dynamique du français
en francophonie. Dans cette optique, la présente étude des présentatifs
(c'est, il y a, il est, voici, voilà), qui ne reprend pas une autre,
contribue à mettre en relief la flexibilité de la morphosyntaxe du
français. Cela à travers une réelle appropriation de la langue-cible par
une population francophone précise; d'où l'exploration de la prose
romanesque du classique africain Mongo Beti.

Cette étude d'une classe syntaxique nouvelle et très peu explorée est
élaborée sur les principes du distributionnalisme. La tendance qui a
prévalu ici, c'est celle d'Einar Haugen qui préconise une double étude
(interne et externe) de la langue. Elle prend nécessairement en compte non
seulement les constructions (morphosyntaxiques), mais aussi les questions
d'énonciation qui entourent l'usage des présentatifs et dont l'incidence
sémantique (et pragmatique) est considérable.

Cette option permet d'évoluer de la micro-syntaxe (phrastique) à la
macro-syntaxe (supra phrastique), pour percevoir les présentatifs comme
d'importants jalons séquentialisants du discours. Il s'ensuit la nécessité
d'une articulation harmonieuse du linguistique et du littéraire, d'une
part, de l'oral et de l'écrit, d'autre part; à ce moment où l'oralisation
de la langue française s'accélère.

In the last decade, many studies in the area of linguistics relating to
lexis have focused on the appropriation and dynamism of the French Language
in the francophone world. In this connection, the present study on
"présentatifs" (c'est, il y a, il est, voici, voilà), a study that has not
yet been so systematically and profoundly done, contributes in showing the
flexibility of the morphology and syntax of the French Language. The study
permits a real appropriation of a target language by a given francophone
community; hence, the exploration of the aesthetics of the works of Mongo
Beti that have become a classic in African writing.

This study of a new category of syntax that has not been adequately
explored is elaborated on the principle of distributionalism. The study is
informed by the postulations of Einar Haugen which stipulate a dual study
(intrinsic and extrinsic) of language. It therefore takes into
consideration not only morpho-syntactic constructs but especially issues on
enunciation that relates to the use of "présentatifs" and whose semantic
and pragmatic consequences are of great importance. This orientation
therefore, allows us to evolve from phraseological micro-syntax to
supra-phraseological macro-syntax in order to enhance the perception of
"présentatifs" as important mile stones that indicates a division of
discourse. It follows, therefore, that one can discern the need for a
harmonious articulation of the linguistic and the literary, on the one
hand, and of the oral and the written on the other; in the situation where
the orality of the French Language is accelerated.

2nd printing 2008.

Publication Year: 2008
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Review: Not available for review. If you would like to review a book on The LINGUIST List, please login to view the AFR list.
BibTex: View BibTex record
Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
Subject Language(s): French
Issue: All announcements sent out by The LINGUIST List are emailed to our subscribers and archived with the Library of Congress.
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Format: Paperback
ISBN: 3895867314
ISBN-13: N/A
Pages: 650
Prices: Europe EURO 87.80