"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
Lexical innovation has been dealt with both in studies of second language
lexical acquisition and communication, the former often trying to determine
the principles that govern the acquisition of the word formation system of
a language, the latter studying the application of these processes to
compensate for deficiencies in interlanguage vocabulary during communication.
Both approaches are combines in the present work, which focuses on lexical
innovation in the oral production of Spanish learners of L2 English. The
analysis and classification of the examples of lexical innovation spotted
in the corpus provides a linguistic description of the word formation
system of these learners' interlanguage, by determining the frequency of
application of these mechanisms as well as the influence of linguistic,
contextual and individual variables. The participation of subjects of
different proficiency levels in the L2 allows checking whether the
principles of productivity, transparency and simplicity have any influence
on the acquisition of L2 word formation. Finally, the detailed analysis of
a selection of examples in context allows us to trace the psychological
processes that take place during communication, and to ascertain the extent
to which some contextual variables influence process selection.