"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
To find some answers Tim Machan explores the language's present and past, and looks ahead to its futures among the one and a half billion people who speak it. His search is fascinating and important, for definitions of English have influenced education and law in many countries and helped shape the identities of those who live in them.
This volume provides a new perspective on the evolution of the special language of medicine, based on the electronic corpus of Early Modern English Medical Texts, containing over two million words of medical writing from 1500 to 1700.
A Changing World of Words.
Studies in English Historical Lexicography, Lexicology and Semantics.
CONTENTS: Javier E. DÍAZ VERA : Lexicography, semantics and lexicology in English historical linguistics. 1. Dictionaries of Early English. Francisco CORTÉS RODRÍGUEZ and Ricardo MAIRAL USâN: A preliminary design for a syntactic dictionary of Old English on semantic principles. Javier E. DÍAZ VERA: The semantic architecture of the Old English verbal lexicon: A historical-lexicographical proposal. Pamela FABER and Juan Gabriel VÁZUEZ GONZÁLEZ: Adapting functional-lexematic methodology to the structuring of Old English verbs: A programmatic proposal. Christian J. KAY and Irené WOTHERSPOON: Turning the dictionary inside out: Some issues in the compilation of a historical thesaurus. Louise SYLVESTER and Jane ROBERTS: Word studies on early English: Contexts for a thesaurus of Middle English. 2. Early Dictionaries of English. Maurizio GOTTI: The origin of 17th century canting terms. Anne MCDERMOTT: Early dictionaries of English and historical corpora: In search of hard words. 3. Semantic Change and Reconstruction. Isabel de la CRUZ CABANILLAS and Cristina TEJEDOR MARTÍNEZ: The HORSE family : On the evolution of the field and its metaphorization process. Małgorzata FABISZAK: A semantic analysis of FEAR, GRIEF and ANGER words in Old English. Caroline GEVAERT: The evolution of the lexical and conceptual field of ANGER in Old and Middle English. Päivi KOIVISTO-ALANKO: Prototypes in semantic change: A diachronic perspective on abstract nouns. Manuela ROMANO POZO: A morphodynamic interpretation of synonymy and polysemy in Old English. Juan Gabriel VÁZUEZ GONZÁLEZ: Using diachrony to predict and arrange the past: Giving and transferring landed property in Anglo-Saxon times. 4. Lexical Variation and Change in the History of English. Merja BLACK STENROOS: Words for MAN in the transmission of Piers Plowman. Claire COWIE and Christianne DALTON-PUFFER: Diachronic word-formation and studying changes in productivity over time: Theoretical and methodological considerations. Eulalio FERNÁNDEZ SÁNCHEZ: The cognitive etymological search for lexical traces of conceptual mappings: Analysis of the lexical-conceptual domain of the verbs of POSSESSION. Manfred MARKUS: The Innsbruck Prose Corpus: Its concept and usability in Middle English lexicology. Michiko OGURA: Words of EMOTION in Old and Middle English. Janne SKAFFARI: ‘Touched by an alien tongue’: Studying lexical borrowings in the earliest Middle English. 5. The interface between Semantics, Syntax and Pragmatics. Diana M. LEWIS: Rhetorical factors in lexical-semantic change: The case of at least. Silvia MOLINA PLAZA: Modal change: A corpus study from 1500 to 1710 compared to current usage. Anna POCH HIGUERAS and Isabel VERDAGUER CLAVERA: The rise of new meanings: A historical journey through English ways of looking at. Junichi TOYOTA: Lexical analysis of Middle English passive constructions.